Because of only the inner values count! For your bachelor thesis, the external impression is as important as the content. Bring your work in top form with scientific formatting. Learn now, what you should pay attention to when formatting a bachelor thesis!
Why is scientific formatting worthwhile for the bachelor thesis?
Researchers may seem chaotic, but the opposite is true for research results. A scientific formatting therefore consists of a clear layout, which facilitates the reader’s orientation in the text. Your examiner should not get lost in the format jungle while reading your bachelor thesis. The more clearly you format, the smoother the reading experience. It also makes complex topics easier to understand.
The content is the star of your bachelor thesis. For the content side to take effect, the exterior must not intervene. From the font to the font size, incorrect formatting is distracting from the content. Clear formats, on the other hand, support and rank your research because formatting refers to all the formal elements that structure your text.
Incidentally, page dimensions are just as much a part of the format as text alignment. In addition to the type area and margins, you should pay attention to paragraphs, headings and fonts when formatting your bachelor thesis. Equally important are the directories and footnotes. Reviewers check in the grading next to the clear structure of how meaningfully and consistently you have formatted. Up to 50 percent of your BA rating depends on it.
Even when writing you have something of clear formats. On the one hand, it does not cost you half the day until you find a specific quote in your bachelor thesis. On the other hand, you do not have to laboriously create the directories in scientifically formatted texts. As soon as you work with the right layouts, Word will do that work for you.
Computers are now geniuses, but still no clairvoyant. Therefore, create styles before writing in the word processing program. But beware of careless mistakes: A wrong hook leads to chaos in the worst case. Therefore, look twice before starting to write. In retrospect, consuming format corrections take time and nerves.
Focused on good grades: which layout you should set up
Nobody decorates the apartment before setting up. Neither should you worry about format details before you have set up the right page layout for your bachelor thesis. Set the upper and lower edge to 1.5 centimeters using the layout function. Use 2.5 centimeters for the right edge. On the left you plan the best because of the binding 3.5 centimeters.
In order to avoid holes in your text, you should also work with the hyphenation. Activate the automatic hyphenation, which maintains the read flow in the finished text. Caution: The function does not replace your brain. Check separate syllables in your bachelor thesis before submitting. You can then correct incorrectly separated words by manual hyphenation.
Are you one of those who press “Enter” at the end of the chapter until they reach the new page? In scientific works this is a no-go. Text and page breaks are set when formatting a bachelor thesis by layout. As a result, sections, line and page changes can not slip. Incidentally, headlines and paragraphs make individual blank lines clearer.
The page numbers also belong to the layout of your bachelor thesis. All pages except the cover page and table of contents have numbers in the header or footer. Keep the predefined tab stops of the header. At the right stop many put the page number. If necessary, the title of the work and the chapter heading appear on the other two pages.
The header does not have to be the same on every page. In this case, work with section breaks at the respective footer. After changes, the “inherited text” can be replaced. It’s best to ask your supervisor if the exam regulations of your university provide special rules for headers and footers. For example, some universities give a fixed number of pages.
Rules on regulations: This says the examination regulations to the writing
So that your bachelor thesis does not look like a love letter, it’s best to choose a clear font like Arial or Times New Roman. The latter is a serif typeface that supports the reading flow. Attention: Just as a love letter is not your bachelor thesis an experimental art project. Therefore, more than two different fonts are not a good idea.
If the line spacing is small, even the most discreet font will kill the reader. To prevent this phenomenon, you set line widths of 1.5 for the continuous text. Your examiners will have enough room for annotations between the lines at this distance. In the footnotes, the line spacing decreases to 1.
Matching the different distance, the font size is 10 in footnotes and 12pt in continuous text. Headlines are bigger. Up to 16pt reach main title. Subheadings are 14 or 15pt. With the size and font the scriptures do not stop. Just as important is the orientation. For science texts, use a compact justification.
From newspaper articles, font colors and bold as well as italics have become indispensable. Your bachelor thesis does not want to be in the newspaper. That’s why you’re more likely to be sparing with text effects and other accents. One exception: what is highlighted in a direct quote, of course, you have to take in the same style from the original.
No head for formats: That’s why professional formatting makes sense
The way to top form is exhausting. This is especially true for the bachelor thesis. In addition to the details mentioned, there are all sorts of other details to note when formatting a BA: Headings are never at the bottom of the page, paragraphs mark sections of the gutter and, and, and. Especially in exam stress you have your head full of other things, right?
So that you no longer have to worry about the form, you can assign layouters with the correct formatting of the bachelor thesis. The advantage is that it avoids clerical errors. But be careful: Ask your supervisor in advance about special regulations of your university.
3 This is how the topic search succeeds
Tips and tricks on finding the right topic for your housework
One thing is certain: You can not get around finding a topic while writing a term paper. In the eyes of our author, it is one of the biggest stumbling blocks and time-wasters in writing a work. Reason enough to work with his handy tips – and lo and behold: finding a topic is not that difficult! Here he shows this with a handy example.
1. Select an examination object
This first step may be so difficult because at the beginning of a scientific work, the world is at your fingertips – practically everything can be made the subject of scientific work. Therefore, my advice: Do not look for a topic, but first choose your examination object. A simple starting point: review the past semester, remember interesting seminar events or lectures. What did you work on? Whether a novel by Thomas Mann in the literary seminar, interviews with employees of a foreign branch of a German group in business administration or the texts of Singer and Reagan on animal ethics in philosophy – all these are objects of investigation for a scientific work. By choosing such an object, you have already reduced your search radius by kilometers.
2. Find a topic
Step one: Disassemble the object under investigation into content components.
From now on, it’s all about your object of investigation. From this we can chisel a theme by finding out what other scientific papers have already said about it – and then approaching the subject from a different perspective. For this you need a database in which you can find existing scientific papers. Your library catalog is perfect – but open databases like www.jstor.org or Google do the job as well.
Let’s assume for demonstration purposes that we chose the interviews with the employees of the foreign branches of a German corporation. And let’s further assume that the interviews involved the cultural interaction between the German branch manager and the Irish employees.
An easy way to find scientific texts on this subject is:
1. To transform the content of the examination object into W-questions. For example: »How does a German boss influence the corporate culture in an Irish company?«
2. From this question you can now find the main components of the content, namely:> corporate culture <,> ireland <and> german boss <- although you would probably call this the latter more with> expatriate (manager) <.
Please be aware that these are possible content building blocks. You can also extract others from it. They are not wrong or right – but in the end probably lead to a (slightly) different topic.
Step two: Find scientific texts about the content components
With the found content building blocks we can now feed your selected database. Or, of course, several databases in succession. The most important thing is to search the terms systematically in the database – otherwise you will quickly lose track.
1. Find all the words together, as that will give you the most specific results – in our case> corporate culture ireland expatriate <.
2. If this results in no or very few results, you can omit one search term at a time. So you would search for ‘corporate culture ireland’, then ‘corporate culture expatriate’ and then ‘ireland expatriate’.
3. If you need more texts, you can probably find them in the bibliography of the texts found in steps 1 and 2.
In our case, search step number 1 provides the following, for example: Right on the first page of Google a PDF entitled:> Particularities of Central European Corporate Culture in Comparison Germany-Poland-Czech Republic <.
Use the right keywords
This helps us in two ways: First, this text shows that there are scientific papers that compare corporate cultures of different countries – so we could do it that way. Secondly, this work is not about Ireland – so there is still a need for publication for your work. However, the content element of the> expatriate <is still missing here. So let’s try the search term> company culture expatriate <. Here, on the first results page, we find texts for the consideration of expatriates> from an organizational perspective <, or for their> job satisfaction after foreign assignments <. These are also possible perspectives on our employee interviews – but we also had the corporate culture in mind. And if we fight our way through to page 4, we also find a paper entitled:> Influence of Expatriates on the Organizational Structures of German Subsidiaries in Russia <.
Step three: Derive a topic from the scientific texts
This find is worth gold, because through it we can prove in our own work in black and white that a study of the relationship between expatriate management and the company makes sense. Only we are not concerned with a German subsidiary in Russia, but in Ireland.
The formulation of our topic could therefore be:> Influence of an expatriate manager on the corporate culture of a company in Ireland <.
In the paper, we would then use the above text to summarize the current state of research on the relationship between expatriate management and corporate culture – and examine this relationship through the interviews for our specific case in Ireland. And so the topic search would already be completed.
Of course, that was just one example of how the topic search can go. What I wanted to show you is the principle I am following, namely:
1. Select an examination object.
2. Identify the main content of this object.
3. Search for existing scientific papers that examine these content components in a similar way and deduce their own topic.
And if things do not go as fast as in our case, you should not lose sight of the principle behind the search.
Topic finding as a first step
As already mentioned, finding a topic is only the first step in a scientific work – and only then is it all about the actual text work, the collecting and structuring of notes, the formulation of the work and the citation, etc. There is no room left for all this but you can – for example – read #inContact me. And even if you do not do that, the entire scientific work is easier to do when the cornerstone is laid and the purpose of the work is clear.
3 In that case, you should have your master’s thesis rewritten
Anyone who has written a master’s thesis has a lot of work to do. For months they researched, analyzed and crawled through the literature. The “square eye” syndrome, flickering softly, came in very soon. After all, most of the time you sat in front of the PC screen and stared in more or less helpless.
Not everyone can correct!
After the elaborate work of research, came the tedious effort to formulate the master’s thesis. It took months before everything was finally written down. After that, for days on end, they bothered friends, acquaintances and relatives with the pleading to read the work. But since not everyone is an expert in spelling and grammar, this friendly “correction” is not necessarily very helpful. One has already heard of cases in which errors were “corrected”. Who wants that?
Experts can do it better!
Much better is to afford a professional editing and proofreading of the master’s thesis. Here experts correct the master’s thesis, which are absolute experts in spelling, punctuation and grammar. Probably the one who can then hand in his master’s thesis in good conscience. But sometimes it happens differently. It can happen that the proofreading serious stylistic defects are found that jump the frame of a normal editing. Perhaps one was already made more or less sensitive by the caregiver that you would starve to death as a writer.
Thumbs up for rewriting!
This is absolutely no leg break! It simply means that you have to rewrite the relevant passages. The difficulty is that once you’ve written your master’s thesis, you’ve already written as well as you could. “And now I should write the whole thing again, just in other words?” Wonders the one who is facing this task. No wonder panic breaks out.
Rewrite word for word!
The solution to this problem is quite easy. There are people who are absolute cracks in transcribing scientific texts. They do it systematically, sentence by sentence, word by word. The substantive statements remain unchanged, but it is expressed differently and better. All errors are corrected. And even if you are under a lot of time pressure, there are ways to have the master’s thesis rewritten by express.
Quote or not? That is the question!
There is another important reason for rewriting a master’s thesis. You may not be sure that there may be too many original texts in the work. It may be that it’s hard to quote indirectly. But it can also happen simply because you have rebuilt the work again and again. Suddenly you do not remember what original text is and what is not. Errors or incompleteness in the sensitive area of references and citation (APA style, Harvard style, German citation) can be extremely unpleasant. A positive plagiarism test puts the author of a master’s thesis in huge trouble.
There is help!
It is therefore better to have the master’s thesis rewritten before the child has fallen into the well. Written experts change the text so that you do not need to worry about plagiarism anymore. But one thing must be clear: Correct references and decent sources are nevertheless mandatory for every proper master thesis.
Conclusion: Those who find it difficult to rewrite a text that he has already formulated should seek help. It’s better to invest in a good job before getting a bad mark later.